Broken braces

A broken braces bracket is the most common inconvenience orthodontic patients face when wearing traditional braces. The brackets and wires are fragile and can break for a number of reasons :
Eating the wrong foods.
Sustaining an injury to your mouth, according to Arizona-based Frost Orthodontics.
Brushing teeth incorrectly or too vigorously.
Using a toothpick or flossing roughly.
If you discover one of your brackets has broken, follow these steps to ensure it can get fixed with no complications.

Broken dentures

There are several reasons for denture fracture. One of the most common causes of denture fracture includes wear and tear over time. Following years of use, the denture has undergone many stress cycles of chewing and daily wear. In addition, the temperature variations found in hot and cold foods and beverages, as well as certain types of acidic foods and even the moisture in your mouth can wear down a denture.

Over time, progressive bone loss can also shrink the jaw. If your denture does not fit properly, it may move around in the mouth, and this lack of stability can cause stress and pressure points which can cause your denture to crack or break.

Broken tooth

When a tooth chips or breaks, it may not hurt. However, your tongue usually feels the sharp area quite quickly. Minor tooth fractures usually don't cause pain, but if a large piece of the tooth breaks off, it can hurt. The nerve inside the tooth may be damaged. Extreme discomfort also can happen when nerve endings in the dentin are exposed to air, or to hot or cold foods or drinks.

Pain from a broken or cracked tooth may be constant or may come and go. Many people feel pain when they chew because chewing puts pressure on the tooth.

If you have a broken tooth, see your dentist as soon as possible. Your dentist can figure out if the break was caused by a cavity, and if the tooth's nerve is in danger. A damaged nerve usually will require root canal treatment.

Broken veneers

This type of cosmetic dentistry revolves around the use of wafer-thin laminates of tooth-coloured material – normally produced using porcelain, ceramic or composite bonding products – that are cemented to the front of the teeth.

Dental veneers can improve a number of problems regarding the appearance of teeth. These include :
Damaged teeth – those that have become badly worn through grinding during the night or an unhealthy diet that consists of too many sugary foods and drinks can be fixed with veneers. Similarly, small chips or cavities that have emerged can be repaired with composite bonding, while a single damaged pearly white can be replaced with a porcelain veneer, which possesses similar characteristics as the natural tooth.
Stained teeth – severely discoloured teeth that cannot be improved with alternative cosmetic dentistry can be transformed with dental veneers that can cover any existing stains that are found on the teeth.
Crooked teeth – while dental veneers may not be the ideal treatment for misaligned pearly whites – where orthodontics would be a more viable solution – they can significantly improved those that are not severely uneven. Films placed over the front surface of these teeth can create a straight and perfectly-aligned smile.
Gapped teeth – spaces that emerge between the pearly whites over time (or those that have been present since eruption) can be closed using this course of action, creating a straighter, more uniform-looking smile.

Dental abscess, cyst, decay

A dental abscess (also termed a dentoalveolar abscess, tooth abscess or root abscess), is a localized collection of pus associated with a tooth. The most common type of dental abscess is a periapical abscess, and the second most common is a periodontal abscess. In a periapical abscess, usually the origin is a bacterial infection that has accumulated in the soft, often dead, pulp of the tooth. This can be caused by tooth decay, broken teeth or extensive periodontal disease (or combinations of these factors). A failed root canal treatment may also create a similar abscess.

Dental injuries in children

The treatment for dental injuries depends upon the type of injury and whether the injured tooth is a primary (baby) or permanent (adult) tooth.

Parents often wonder if a child's permanent or primary teeth were injured. Permanent teeth are not usually present before six to seven years of age. Primary teeth look different than permanent teeth.

Dental sports injury

A high school basketball player is fighting for a rebound. Suddenly she is struck by the opponent's elbow and her neck is jerked back and immediately she feels for her mouth. A small amount of blood appears and the certified athletic trainer runs out to assess the injury. Teammates search the floor for either teeth or pieces of teeth, which have been knocked out. Parents watch helplessly from the stands wondering what has happened.

Unfortunately, this is not an unusual scenario. Injuries are a part of sports and injuries in and around the mouth (oral-facial injuries) are very common. This basketball example does however, bring several questions immediately to mind. First, is treatment needed immediately or can it wait? What is the correct immediate and definitive treatment? Can the player keep playing or when can the player return to normal play? Is specific protection necessary for the injured area? Should protection have been provided to this individual before this ever happened?

Jaw injuries

A broken jaw is also called a mandibular fracture.
The jawbone is the biggest bone in the lower part of the face and includes the chin.
Common symptoms of a broken jaw include :
Pain, Teeth not fitting together properly, or bite malocclusion, teeth moved, Not being able to open the jaw all the way as normal, Problems speaking, Swelling, Numbness in the chin or lower lip, Bleeding in the mouth, Bruising under the tongue, Damage to the ear canal from movement of the broken jawbone

Partially dislodged teeth

A dislodged, or luxated, tooth is one that has been partially pushed into or out of its socket, or sideways, during an injury. Do not touch or remove the tooth from your mouth even if it is partially out of the socket. While you’re waiting for your appointment, you can take over the counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen and use cold compresses to reduce swelling.

Your dentist will anesthetize and clean the affected area. If the tooth is visibly intact he or she will likely reposition and stabilize your tooth, then perform a series of x-rays to see if the root’s nerves or blood vessels have been fractured or damaged. Your dentist may also recommend additional tests at follow-up appointments as x-rays may not be entirely accurate immediately following a tooth’s injury.

Tooth ache

Toothache, also known as dental pain, is pain in the teeth and/or their supporting structures, caused by dental diseases or pain referred to the teeth by non-dental diseases.

Common causes include inflammation of the pulp, usually in response to tooth decay, dental trauma, or other factors, dentin hypersensitivity (short, sharp pain, usually associated with exposed root surfaces), apical periodontitis (inflammation of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone around the root apex), dental abscesses (localized collections of pus, such as apical abscess, pericoronal abscess, and periodontal abscess), alveolar osteitis ("dry socket", a possible complication of tooth extraction, with loss of the blood clot and exposure of bone), acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (a gum infection, also called "trenchmouth"), temporomandibular disorder and others.

Soft tissue trauma

Soft tissue injuries are the most common injury in sport. Soft tissue refers to tissues that connect, support, or surround other structures and organs of the body.
Soft tissue includes muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia, nerves, fibrous tissues, fat, blood vessels, and synovial membranes.

Trapped objects

Many people will know the irritating feeling of getting an object trapped between their teeth, with food being the most common issue in the majority of instances. However, a high number of individuals have got much larger items lodged in their mouth and have needed to see an emergency dentist before it can be removed.

Getting an object trapped between your teeth can be irritating. We all know the feeling of having a piece of food trapped between your teeth after a meal. It plays on your mind and you can’t seem to relax until you’ve got rid of it.

Of course, having a piece of stray food trapped in your teeth should not constitute a dental emergency. However, the most common occurrences are when people try to bite things open or apart and end up with anything from fishing lines to bottle tops. Cut tape using scissors rather than your teeth. Children can often get items trapped in their teeth. For a toddler, one of their greatest methods of learning about the world around them is by tasting things. As this is also the age when teeth are just growing and there are plenty of gaps to fill, things can trapped and give children a fright.